Yashica Mat

I bought this Yashica Mat in a small shop in Antwerp specialized in second hand photo gear. The year was 2008.

Shot digitally with an Olympus OM-D M10
Shot digitally with an Olympus OM-D M10

The shop is long gone and I can’t remember having ever used this camera. Soon after acquiring this beauty my attention was needed for something completely different but that is a whole other story.

The first Yashica TLR with crank advance was the Yashica Mat, released in 1957. The earliest models are equipped with a 75-mm 3.5 Lumaxar taking lens and a 75-mm 3.2 Lumaxar viewing lens. It was succeeded by a 80-mm lenses with the same specifications. (source Camerapedia)
This it the model I own. It takes 120 film and gives 6×6 negatives.

The camera has been sitting in my cupboard for years, safely tucked away in the furthest corner and hidden by a few lenses I never use.

Yesterday I got it out though and it feels heavy and sturdy and looks simply beautiful.

Albeit I know I’m not going to use this camera a lot I decided to put a film in it. When I opened the back I noticed it contained a roll of film. Apparently I had used it but never had taken the film out.

Wow, forgotten frames I thought while sitting in my bathroom with the lights out winding the film on the spool so I could develop it.

I developed the film a little longer than I would do for an Ilford HP5 Plus anticipating on the age of the film and so.

Finally I guess 9′:30″ was a little too long and the negatives are somewhat denser than I prefer.

Scanning them was a whole other story.

The HP Scanjet G4050 is not the best scanner around and for some reason the HP software was giving horrible results on my iMac with OS X Yosemite. The results were somewhat better when scanned with HP Software on Windows 7 running as a virtual machine on my Mac.

Ilford HP5 Plus developed in TMax at 9'/20°C
Ilford HP5 Plus developed in TMax at 9’/20°C

It was only when I downloaded a demo version of Vuescan that things changed for the better. The software offers a ton of options and I finally purchased a license. It works well with my Minolta Scan Elite 5400 as well and offers options I don’t have with Silverfast SE8 like multiple passes.

I am not completely satisfies with the scans but I think this is the best I’ll get with the HP Scanjet. I’m putting some money aside so I can get the Epson V750 or V850.

Ilford HP5 Plus developed in TMax at 9'/20°C

Out shooting again

I enjoyed the long weekend taking a day off from work past Monday as Tuesday was a Holiday too and I don’t work on Wednesdays.

For the first time in ages I really went away to shoot images. I drove to Zeeland, just over the border, in The Netherlands. Lots of water, a zillion windmills and lots of nature, most of it protected.
It is difficult to believe it is almost half November. A sunny day it was, the harsh wind not to cold and temperatures around 14°C.

I had a great day and enjoyed shooting and walking and being by myself. Of course I would have been happier sharing these moments with Princess but that is still almost impossible.

I had two camera bags with me. One with the Zenza Bronica ETRSi and 4 lenses and another one with the Olympus OM-1 and a few lenses and to be on the safe side I had also my digital Olympus OM-D M10 with me. I didn’t use that one though but shot two rolls of Ilford FP4 Plus.


Wow, an afternoon shooting and I only made 70 shots.

Back home I developed them and to be safe I used separate tanks. It took about 2 hours for the film to dry and even more to scan each negative with my aging Minolta Scan Elite 5400.
The Epson V700 or V800 is now officially on my wish list.

I still find it difficult to scan the negatives. It is a technique I am not completely acquainted with yet. The Silverfast 8 Se offers so much options and possibilities.

I simply love the gritty look of these black and white images. They are so much more real compared to the ultra sharp, grainless and slick digital captures.

Olympus OM-1n with Zuiko 35-70mm f4. Developed in TMax.
Olympus OM-1n with Zuiko 35-70mm f4. Developed in TMax.


A poor man’s full frame – Developing a film

Yesterday, Wednesday morning, I did something I hadn’t done in years.
I developed a black and white film!

I searched the Internet for the development time of an Ilford Delta using Kodak’s TMax film developer. I had no idea if the film would be exposed correctly so I settled for 8 minutes at 21°C with a 1+4 mixture.
Then I prepared the 300ml of developer, a recipient with 1+1 vinegar and water and 300 ml 1+4 fixing liquid.

After rinsing the dust covered Paterson film developing tank I set everything ready in the bathroom and gave the tank, scissors and film I had retrieved from the camera a place so I could find everything in the dark.

Paterson Tank
Out went the light and I started moving the reel to get the film on it. To my big surprise it was easy and I hadn’t forgotten how to do it. After closing the tank I switched on the light and walked to the kitchen.

I set my iPhone’s timer to 8 minutes, filled the developing tank and turned it around every 1 minute, putting it down with a harsh tap to remove the air bubbles that could have settled on the film.

After 8 minutes I emptied the tank, filled it with the diluted vinegar and after moving the tank for 45″ I replaced the stop bath with the fixing solution.
Six minutes later I drained the tank once again but before starting the rinsing process I wanted to see if the film was well developed.
I felt immensely excited when I opened the tank.

Developed film

Wow, at first glance the negatives seemed perfect and well developed and showed a correct density.
I rinsed the film for about 5 minutes and then added a few drops of Agepon wetting agent to prevent water drops staying on the film and create spots while drying.

It is almost noon and the film is drying in the bathroom.
I am still so excited and cannot wait to start scanning the negatives.

*** *** ***

The bigger part of the afternoon I spend watching The Social Network, a biopic about a Jewish nerd who hates nipples and founded Facebook, Mark Zuckerberg and taking a nap.

The first negatives
I find the negatives a little too dense. Or I overdeveloped the film or it was slightly over-exposed, maybe by about 0,7 EV. The battery could have caused the latter. Originally the Olympus OM-1n took a 1,36 Volt mercury battery but they are banned due to environment issues and there is no replacement except the ones that are sold by Wein on eBay. In my Olympus is a 1,5 Volt battery so that could be the reason why the exposure was a little over the top.

I loaded my second film, an Ilford FP4, and set the light meter to 160 ISO instead of 125 ISO so we’ll see.
It seems there is an issue with the scanner software too. Scanning 6 negs is not a problem but when I eject them and load 6 new ones the preview totally screws up. I’ll try to figure this one out later on before opening a support ticket at Silverfast.com. Note. After rebooting my iMac the problem went away.

I also have the impression that activating the ICE option (dust & scratch removal) does not make the scanner happy albeit it is hardware supported. The final scan resembles nothing and reminds me on how the world looks after enjoying a few magic mushrooms.
Anyway, as the negs are fresh and I take care of them I haven’t a real issue with dust and other imperfections so the lack of ICE is not an issue.
The lack of EXIF-data is something that really troubles me. Obviously information on date, time and camera settings are not available so I have to take notes or say something in my iPhone each time I take an image.

Minolta DiMAGE 5400

Yes, this is going to trouble me as I keep all my images sorted on date. I do not care that much about the camera settings though, but date and time are very important to me. I guess I’ll have to skip the time notion and I hate the idea. I know my Princess is smiling now when she reads this…

The guy who sold me the Olympus also gave me a Vivitar 85-205mm f3,5 zoom lens to test. It is a heavy lens and it is mine for 25 Euro. A no-brainer if you ask me even if I’ll never use it wide-open as I guess it will be way to soft. But at f8 it is a very sharp lens.
So I developed a film.
The first results?
Really, they are incredible.

This is real black and white and not some Photoshop (plugin) substitute.
I love the discrete grain, the organic look and its large dynamic range. At the moment I am not looking for Kodak Tri-X or Ilford HP5 high-speed film drama. The 100 ISO suits me well as it slows down everything I want to do.
This is what I want to achieve.

Imagine visiting a new place, landscape or abandoned site, whatever, and walk around being limited to only 36 images. Hell, let us take the battery away from the camera too so you’ll have to work with a hand-held light meter.

You’ll have to change the way you look and if you find something you want to photograph you’ll have to suck it in before pressing the shutter button. You will have to consider light and other technical aspects because you have only 36 frames. You’ll have to slow down. You’ll have to look and observe.
No shooting like a madman and browsing through 500 shots in the evening. No chimping or, if you are an experienced digital photog, analysing the histogram.

When you press the shutter you must be 100% sure you have it right.
When you drive back home you’ll feel excited and you’ll enjoy the anticipation and pleasure while developing the film, waiting for it to dry before you can scan it and see what you have created.
This is photography in its purest form and a craft forgotten by most of us.
It is something I want to find again, to experience and see as pleasure and art and not as something tedious I had to do so many years ago in order to get my degree in photography.
I want to take my time and see and observer before I take an image. I want to be Zen and in balance with what I see when I press the shutter button.

Also I want to stick to one type of film.
Back in my schooldays my film was Ilford’s HP5. I did not need a light meter to nail the exposure. My eyes looked at a scene and my brain knew what the film needed.

I could develop this film with pee if needed and drunk, stoned or both I knew the exact time and mixtures for almost every mainstream developing product to get 100% perfect negatives.
Yeah, I know, I was a nerd back then.

But guess what, the nerds get the best chicks, albeit I had to wait some 35 years for mine to fall in my bed.

No, I am not going to throw away my digital Olympus and prime lenses. Don’t forget, I am a very lazy person. But my digital micro four thirds Olympus cannot deliver what a full frame can.

At f1,8 the depth of field is very shallow and the bokeh is simply delicious. I paid 40 euro for this kit. A Nikon D600 and a f1,8 lens would set me back at least 1500 euro but it would make taking photographs easy. It would be a no-brainer but one I cannot afford.

Buying a D600 is not a problem. Buying the glass that goes with it is though. And it becomes even more an issue with a Nikon D800 as 36 megapixels needs lenses that can deliver in resolving power. Yet we all fall on our knees when we see, for example, images made by Magnum accredited photographers.

René Burri, my all time favourite Henri Cartier-Bresson, hell even Ansell Adams. Or my even bigger favourite and inventor of the so-called porno chique Helmut Newton did it all with film.

You buy art?
You buy what you like and not because it was made with a 6,000 $ Leica.

Less is more. Art is what the heart of the viewer feels. That is not necessarily what the artist wanted to express.

Do I create art?
Nah, I just take pictures.

Not entirely sharp but a great example of the tonalities
Not entirely sharp but a great example of the tonalities


A poor man’s full frame – The beginning

Past Saturday my Princess and I watched “The Secret Life of Walter Mitty” on my 27″ iMac. I had seen it before but wanted to share this intense and beautiful movie with my love.

The famous photographer in the film, Sean O’Connell and played by Sean Penn, is pictured as a purist who still uses film. And is a 35mm SLR camera not also a Full Frame?
Yes it is.

My father left me an extensive collection of slides documenting my early years so I bought a second-hand film scanner in 2005 or so. Occasionally I shot a few colour films too. When a few years ago, during a trip to the Opal Coast in France, my Nikon F100 died, it stopped using film altogether. I shortly owned a Polaroid SX-70 and a Holga 120 but the so-called Lomography thing never got me interested enough to dabble with.

I guess there is a time, a momentum, for everything. The movie woke something that had been lying dormant for so many years.

The next day, after dropping my Sweetheart at her place I opened my Ali Baba cave. It is a cupboard filled with my photo gear.

I had no lens for the 100% mechanic Nikkormat and I did not want to lug around with my heavy and still working Bronica ETRS and its 4 lenses. The Nikon F80 did not appeal either because it is fully electronic.

On the Internet I found an Olympus OM-1n with a Zuiko 50mm f1,8 for 40 Euro and the seller did not live far from my hometown.

Later on I got my Minolta Elite Scan 5400 out and connected it to my iMac. It did not work though and there are no drivers around as the scanner has been discontinued ages ago.
No problem. I visited Silverfast and downloaded a demo version of their scanner software Silverfast 8. It supports both the Minolta scanner and OSX Yosemite. It worked flawless so I purchased a 49 $ license.
I was almost set to go.

Monday, after work, I visited the guy and found the 30+ year-old camera to be as good as new. I could hardly believe my eyes. The camera takes one battery for the build-in light meter but it works just as fine without.

At the camera store I bought a battery for my Gossen Variosix F light and flash meter, a roll of Ilford Delta black & white film and the necessary chemicals to develop the film.

Over the past two days I shot 34 frames simply to test the camera. I even took the trouble to set up a studio flash with a flash-cord. The Olympus syncs at 1/60th and finding the correct diaphragm is a piece of cake with a flash meter.
Then it was over.
My analogue memory card was full.
I was ready to proceed to the next step.

Digitally shot with an Olympus OM-D M10

Digitally shot with an Olympus OM-D M10

A man and his cameras